PERTH, AUSTRALIA — Toowoomba Bishop William Morris was asked to resign six times by three Vatican congregations and Pope Benedict before the pontiff finally insisted that he leave office May 2.
Documents obtained by The Record, Perth archdiocesan newspaper, also showed that Morris asked Vatican congregations for more time to resign because he was dealing with a protracted case involving sexual abuse.
Pope Benedict appointed Brisbane Auxiliary Bishop Brian Finnigan as apostolic administrator of the diocese of Toowoomba in northern Queensland to replace Morris, who was ordained bishop of Toowoomba in 1993.
In a letter to Finnigan dated May 12, Australia's bishops expressed their support and said they had spent much time at their recent meeting discussing the events surrounding Morris' removal, a process they called "difficult and distressing."
They reaffirmed their commitment to the pope's decision and said they would continue discussions about the process when they visited the Vatican later this year for their every-five-years ad limina visits.
Pope Benedict's removal of Morris, 67, came after more than a decade of conflict between the prelate and the Vatican, according to the documents.
A document prepared by Father Peter Schultz, Toowoomba's judicial vicar, and Father Peter Dorfield, former vicar general of the diocese, is an addendum to a seven-page defence of the prelate sent April 29 to priests, leaders and the heads of Christian churches in the Toowoomba region.
It reveals that the conflict originally stemmed from Morris establishing guidelines for the use of general absolution within the celebration of Communal Rites of Reconciliation, which were in conflict with Pope John Paul II's 2002 apostolic letter Misericordia Dei (Mercy of God).
It also said the bishop's "relaxed and open style" was generally welcomed in the diocese, but a "small but vocal minority . . . found fault with nearly every action he took and decision he made."
Misericordia Dei said there were "some places" where there has been "a tendency to abandon individual Confession and wrongly resort to 'general' or 'communal' absolution."
Sources in Toowoomba told The Record that general absolution had been provided in the diocese several years prior to Misericordia Dei, commencing shortly after Morris was ordained as bishop.
The issue of general absolution led to a dispute between the prelate and Cardinal Francis Arinze, then-prefect of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Sacraments.
Morris' "position on this sacramental matter was seen as defiant and ongoing opposition to the position of the congregation," said a document from the Toowoomba College of Consultors.
In his 2006 Advent pastoral letter, Morris said he would be prepared to ordain married priests and women priests if the Vatican allowed it.
He also said that due to an aging clergy, the Church should be open to recognizing the validity of Anglican, Lutheran and Uniting Church orders.
This, and a failed attempt to get Morris to Rome to meet Cardinal Giovanni Battista Re, then-prefect of the Congregation for Bishops, Arinze and Cardinal William Levada, prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, led to Denver Archbishop Charles Chaput's apostolic visitation in April 2007. Chaput's visit included an interview with Morris.
A memorandum dated June 28, 2007, from the Congregation for Bishops requested Morris' resignation. He received the unsigned memorandum in September and replied Sept. 17, saying he would "reflect" on the request and reply after his October holidays.
An Oct. 3, 2007, letter from the Congregation for Bishops informed Morris the request for his resignation was being made "in the name of the Holy Father."
After more exchanged letters, Morris travelled to Rome and on Jan. 19, 2008, met with Re, Levada and Arinze. He was accompanied by Archbishop Philip Wilson, president of the Australian bishops' conference.
Morris told Re in a letter Jan. 24, 2008, that "he felt unable to resign," which was followed by another letter from the cardinal Feb. 13, 2008, again calling on the prelate to resign.
More letters and documents were exchanged, and in October Re again demanded Morris resign by the end of November 2008. The letter also stated that if the resignation was not forthcoming the bishop would be removed.
Morris replied Dec. 19, 2008, saying that "in conscience he could not resign." He then wrote to the pope Dec. 24, 2008, and met with him June 4, 2009, at which time the pontiff "reiterated the demands of the three cardinals."
Re again asked for Morris' resignation in a July 9, 2009, letter, prompting him to write to the pope clarifying his position that "in conscience he could not resign from office."
Pope Benedict replied Dec. 22, 2009, requesting that Morris resign from office, reminding him there is no appeal from papal decisions.
In their May letter, the Australian bishops said they appreciated that "Bishop Morris' human qualities were never in question; nor is there any doubt about the contribution he has made to the life of the Church in Toowoomba and beyond.
"The pope's decision was not a denial of the personal and pastoral gifts that Bishop Morris has brought to the episcopal ministry. Rather, it was judged that there were problems of doctrine and discipline, and we regret that these could not be resolved."